What is corruption?

CORRUPTION

Some sources of corruption related to public service and the public sector (SSA provides a definition), but in the broadest sense, corruption also includes the private sector, competition / effect on areas such as sports, various competitions, media, when a person acquires the power that can be abused to benefit yourself.

FORMS OF CORRUPTION

Lithuanian Law on Corruption Prevention forms of corruption include the following acts:
Bribery – a phenomenon in which a civil servant or equivalent person, his or other benefit, directly or indirectly promise or agree to accept a bribe either required or provoked to give a bribe or take a bribe for a legal act or omission in the discharge of the mandate. For such actions the person shall be punished by a fine or by arrest or by imprisonment for up to five years.

Trading in influence – a phenomenon in which a person using his social position, office, powers, family, acquaintances or other probable or alleged influence state or municipal institution or agency, an international public organization, the civil servant or the person treated as their own or other people benefit directly or implicitly promised or agreed to accept a bribe or demanded or provoked to give a bribe, or took a bribe, promise to affect the institution, body or organization, a public servant or a person of equivalent to those lawful or unlawful act or refrain from carrying out the mandate. For such an offense a person shall be punished by a fine or by arrest or by imprisonment for up to five years.

Bribes – a phenomenon in which a person directly or indirectly offered, promised or agreed to give or gives a bribe to a public servant or a person of equivalent or a third party for the preferred public servant or a person of equivalent legal act or omission in the discharge of the mandate. For this offense the person shall be punished by a fine or restriction of liberty, or arrest, or imprisonment for up to four years.

Abuse of authority or official powers – a phenomenon in which a civil servant or equivalent person, abusing his official position or exceeds the powers which have suffered significant damage to the state, the European Union, an international public organization, a legal or natural person. For this offense the person shall be punished by a fine or by arrest or by imprisonment for up to five years.

Other forms of corruption:
Documents or instruments in forgery
fraud
Asset misappropriation or embezzlement
Disclosure of official secrets
Disclosure of trade secrets
False data on income, profits or property presentation
Dirty money or property legalization
Interference with public servant or public office personal activities
Other offenses when such offenses are required or intended to bribe, bribery, or disguise or conceal bribery or bribery.

Source: Ministry of the Prevention of Corruption Law http://www.infolex.lt/ta/120429

Transparency International, as well as complementary forms of the following terms:

Nepotism – (lat. NEPA, origin. Nepotis – grandson) – protectionist relatives by providing them with high positions spoils; ~â particularly practiced fifteenth and sixteenth century. popes, their relatives and festive wrongful cardinals or bishops.

Favoritism – (cf. Favorite) Favorites first lifting or their allocation to the high points; 2. The order depends on the favorites influence.
Protectionism – (cf. Patronage; ch. Protekcijonizmas) – EKON. State economic policies: protecting the internal market from the import policy, using increased customs duties on imported goods, trade quotas and limiting imports.

Source: www.lietuviuzodynas.lt

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